Digital Vision

Technology initiatives under the Jal Jeevan Mission

The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), an initiative of the Government of India’s, Depart­ment of Drinking Water and Sanitation, under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all rural households in India. The objective of the mission is to provide 55 litres per capita per day of prescribed quality (BIS:10500) water on a regular and long-term basis. JJM is one of the largest drinking water programmes globally, providing around Rs 3.6 trillion for the development of drinking water infrastructure in rural India. Technology and various digital initiatives have acted as enablers to achieve the core ob­jectives of the mission, along with community participation in planning, implementation, mo­­nitoring, and operations and maintenance (O&M). At a recent conference on Digital Tech­nologies for Water Network Management orga­nised by India Infrastructure, Pradeep Singh, director, Jal Jeevan Mission and IT Initiatives, Ministry of Jal Shakti and A Muralidharan, de­puty advisor, Jal Jeevan Mission, Ministry of Jal Shakti, discussed the digital vision of the mission, its progress and accomplishments.

Digital initiatives under JJM

The vision of adopting digitalisation under JJM in­cludes several activities such as designing sche­mes that are cost-effective, continuous mo­­nitoring, maintaining transparency, enabling Gram Panchayats to become local water utiliti­es to run their own systems, and integrating da­ta­bases on quality and quantity. There are ei­ght broad digital platforms being implemen­ted under the JJM, covering the JJM Integrated Ma­na­ge­ment Information System (IMIS), the JJM dashboa­rd, the JJM Water Quality Manage­ment Information System (WQMIS), an internet of th­in­gs (IoT) platform, a mobile application, analytical tools, a Public Finance Mana­gement Sys­tem (PFMS), the JJM website and the Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh (RJJK) portal.

JJM IMIS

The JJM IMIS brings together all data such as information regarding tap connections provided to households, details of village action pla­ns, di­s­trict action plans, state action plans, vill­age wa­ter and sanitation committees (VWSC), the planning and expenditure of various sc­hemes, finan-cing and funding details, progress in priority ar­eas, etc. It helps in the creating in­ventories of all assets needed to provide water supply. It also maintains the database of beneficiaries.

JJM dashboard

The JJM dashboard captures all the essential monitoring parameters that are of interest to the public, such as the number of functional household tap connections provided on a daily basis since the launch of the mission at the national and state levels; coverage status in states, union territories (UTs), districts, blo­c­ks, panchayats and villages that have achie­ved the “Har Ghar Jal” status by providing 100 per cent tap water connections; state- and district-wise status of households with tap water connections as on August 15, 2019 and as on date in order to monitor the pro­gress of each state/UT; a grievance redressal system; and real-time sensor-based measurement and monitoring. The dashboard is powered by the IMIS database.

JJM WQMIS

The JJM WQMIS provides details of all functional laboratories in the country to help identify the closest water testing lab to a location and allow the public to get their water tested. It helps with the registration of water samples with location and date stamps and online uploading of lab results. In case of contamination, alerts are generated for remedial actions by water supply ag­en­cies. This system also has National Accre­di­tation Board for Testing and Calibration Labo­ra­tories accreditation of labs. The ministry aims to collect water quality data through a departmental officer who would check the quality and upload the results on the WQMIS portal on the spot. Further, there will also be a provision for water quality tests done by the public at labs, which will then be integrated with tests performed by the departmental officer. This will help in getting the country’s rural water supply data on a single platform for analysis, using which informed decisions can be made and pro­b­lems can be addressed on a priority basis. Till now, the ministry has onboarded three states including West Bengal, Haryana and Maha­ra­shtra to WQMIS.

IoT platform

The IoT platform is a cloud-based system made to monitor key performance indicators of a mission and ensure quick response, minimum service delivery outage and minimum water loss, optimise efficiency and monitor the quantity and quality of water on a sustainable basis. The ministry has tied up with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Institute, Chandigarh, to provide IoT-based systems for monitoring water supply in identified villages in the country. The system will not only monitor and record information about water quality but will also record the water supplied and water drawn from the gr­o­und, which will help in keeping a check on the revenue generation and groundwater levels. At a pilot stage, the ministry has installed IoT syste­ms in around 100 villages and the mission aims to have all the remaining villages covered with IoT systems under the JJM.

Mobile application

The mobile application enables data collection for Paani Samitis/VWSCs, Gram Panchayats and officials using mobiles. It helps in capturing de­tails regarding infrastructure, beneficiaries, fi­n­ancial collections, prog­re­ss of work, maintena­n­ce of water pipes, addition or deletion of water connections and other water-related information at the village and block levels.

JJM website and RJJK portal

The JJM website and RJJK portal help in providing information about the overall policy formulation, planning, financing and coordination for JJM. The RJJK portal enables individuals and or­­ganisations to donate and contri­bute towards enabling provision of clean drin­king water at the village level. The database available on the IMIS will be utilised by the JJM mobile and web application, which enables the Rural Water Supply/Pu­blic Health En­gi­ne­ering Department and Paani Sami­tis/ VWSCs to keep track of the assets that will help in O&M during an outage.

Analytical tools

The analytical tools introduced for the mission support data analysis, predictive analytics, mo­nitoring and preparation of dashboards, etc. It identifies and understands features that are a must for the progress of the mission. The analytical tools will be integrated with the JJM da­sh­board to generate useful insights.

Public Finance and Monitoring System (PFMS)

Under the  PFMS, all disbursements and expenditure under the JJM are tracked online. This will help maintain transparency and a judicious use of public money. All transactions related to the mission from the ministry level to the lowest panchayat level will be recorded on the PFMS with details of the finances of states and UTs.

In sum

The Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Drin­king Water and Sanitation, in collaboration with states and UTs, is working towards achieving the vision of the JJM by 2024. The idea is to have a robust digital platform including IMIS, WQMIS, an IoT platform, a mobile application and web portals to maintain transpa­re­ncy in the system, monitor progress on a real-time basis, enable data collection, collation, handling and analysis to ensure the qu­antity and quality of water supply service de­livery, provide grievance redressal, etc. Ad­di­tionally, the digital vision would result in an integration of the mission data with the water resources database of the Central Ground Wa­ter Board and the disease surveillance programme database of the National Centre for Disease Control.

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