Good Planning: Best practices in construction

Best practices in construction

Infrastructure is a critical component of economic development and progress. India is increasingly recognising this and embarking on a slew of infrastructure projects. Such projects, if well planned and executed, are particularly helpful to the economy since they re­duce socio-economic costs while increasing benefits. A project’s timely completion is de­pendent on a number of factors, including the creation of a realistic, thorough project report, accurate pre-qualification criteria for contractor selection and adequate risk allocation among stakeholders.

Key practices

Various new components have entered the con­struction proposal stage, such as risk an­a­lysis, which is used to identify all possible risks using objective risk assessment and de­signing mitigations, while allocating contingencies to manage risk. Using building information modelling (BIM) technology has ensured accurate quantifications in the design development process. The design inputs under the MoU are used to determine the pre-bid design. Imports are also identified via pre-bid vendor MoUs. Reso­ur­ce planning is used to mobilise plans, plants, equipment and machinery, as well as for the organisation of the operation team and the creation of a labour histogram. Scheduling is done to track the development of the detailed prog­ramme and ensure that crucial milestones are met. Predictive analysis is largely aided by 4D BIM integration.

Data validation is used in the design stage to reconfirm and validate the client’s data, followed by design for safety, which is used for early hazard detection, risk assessment and identification of control measures that provide safer solutions for the project life cycle, making it safer to build, operate and maintain. Stake­holders are now offered regular updates on the progress of the design, and their feedback is incorporated into the following iteration. Design state evaluations are created at various stages of development, tracking chan­ges and updating the design advancement in a federated BIM/ construction information modelling mod­el. To detect design risks that affect project cost and schedule, integrated tools and pro­cesses are used. An independent peer review is available to help speed up the project’s completion.

Creating various plans and then combining them into a single plan for either project quality management, communication management, interface management, risk and opportunity management, document management, chan­ge management, BIM execution or design for safety is the best practice while planning a project. All of this is summed up to provide a project delivery plan that includes a detailed project timeline. Early market analysis is used in the procurement stage to develop the vendor base, which includes locally available ma­te­rials, while preparing robust contract documents and analysing the risk associated with all long-lead-time equipment and materials, as well as studying the impact on project delivery.

In the construction process, various practices play a huge role. Effective communication is ensured by making the controlled common document management system accessible to all stakeholders, understanding stakeholder enga­ge­ment in the process and accessing re­quire­m­ents on the site as well as utility dema­nds from others’ boundaries, and integrating risk mana­gement. Apart from that, a testing commissioning plan is prepared in advance and approved, documents are prepared for joint inspection, witnesses of testing and ac­ceptance are maintained, operational support and operator training are provided during the asset’s go-live period, and test reports and drawings are handed over to clients to be jointly recorded, monitored and reported. The clients also receive the BIM 500 models for asset management.

In sum

Technology plays a critical role in facilitating integrated project management. It can be de­ployed as early as in the pre-bid phase, when a thorough survey is being conducted. BIM allows for the creation of 4D and 5D models that are then synchronised with the project schedule. The key best practices in construction include the use of various tools to provide real-time project monitoring, artificial intelligence to automate processes, drones to monitor projects, effective communication and procurement strategies, as well as detailed precision pre-project planning.

With inputs from a presentation by Dr Hari Parameshwar, Director, Design and Build, Shapoorji Pallonji Engineering and Construction, at InfraBuild India